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Treatment of specific disorders in poprhyria

Summary: Drugs used in the Management of HIV

This table should be read in conjunction with the page Management of HIV in patients with porphyria.

Use freely
Use with caution
Use with extreme
caution only
Avoid
Unknown

ANTIRETROVIRAL AGENTS

Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI)
Didanosine Abacavir
Lamivudine
Stavudine
Tenofovir
Zalcitabine
Zidovudine   Emtricitabine
Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI)
    Nevirapine
Efavirenz
   
Protease inhibitors
  Saquinavir Amprenavir
Lopinavir
Nelfinavir
Ritonavir
Indinavir  

ANTIMICROBIALS

Pneumocystis
Primaquine Atovaquone
Pentamidine
  Cotrimoxazole
Dapsone
Trimethoprim
Clindamycin
 
Antifungals
Amphotericin
Nystatin
  Fluconazole
Itraconazole
Ketoconazole
Miconazole
 
Herpes antivirals
Aciclovir
Famciclovir
Valaciclovir
Valganciclovir
Foscarnet      
Antimycobacterials
Amikacin
Streptomycin
Ethambutol
Kanamycin
Ofloxacin Isoniazid Rifampicin
Rifabutin
Ethionamide
Pyrazinamide
Terizodone
Clofazimine

 

DISCLAIMER

Note that the safety of the drugs recommended here cannot be guaranteed. Many are newer drugs and there is still minimal actual clinical experienceof their use in porphyria. The responsibility for a decision to use any drug in porphyria is that of the doctor and his or her patient.